Reasoning Questions Part 2

DIRECTIONS (Q. 26-30) : In these questions the symbols @. #, $, % and « are used with different meanings as follow. ‘A @ B ‘ means ‘A is not smaller then B’.

‘A # B ‘ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor equal to B’.

‘A $ B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor smaller than B’.

‘A % B’ means ‘A is not greater than B’.

‘A « B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor equal to B’.

In each questions, four statements showing relationships have been given, which are followed by three conclusions I, II and III. Assuming that the given statements are true, find out which conclusion (s) is/are definitely true?

26. Statements: V $ Y, Y @ Z, Z % X, X # T
Conclusions:
I. T # Z II. X # Y
III. Z « Y
(a) None follows (b) Only I follows
(c) II and III follow (d) I and III follow
(e) Only III follows

27. Statements: R @ J, J % F, F « E, E % M
Conclusions:
I. M # J II. F % M
III. M « R
(a) Only I follows (b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows (d) I and II follow
(e) All follow

28. Statements: H#R, R@L, L « W, W%F
Conclusions:
I. H # J II. F # L
III. H $ F
(a) Only I follows (b) I and II follow
(c) II and III follow (d) Either I or II follows
(e) All follow

29. Statements: M # K, M $ F, F % Q, Q « H
Conclusions:
I. H # K
II. Q # K
III. Q @ M
(a) I and II follow (b) Either I or II follows
(c) All follow (d) II and III follow
(e) None of the above

30. Statements: D « Q, Q $ L, L # T, T % H
Conclusions:
I. D « L
II. L @ H
III. H # L
(a) Only I follows (b) I and II follow
(c) Either II or III follows (d) All follow
(e) None follow

31. In a code language ‘PROVIDE’ is written as ‘MULYFGB’, then what will be code for ‘BECAUSE’ in same languages
(a) YZHDRVB (b) ZHYDRVB
(c) YHZDRVB (d) ZYDHVBR
(e) None of these

DIRECTIONS (Q. 32-36) : Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II are given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and
Give answer:
(a) If the data is Statements I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question
(b) If the data in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the date in Statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question
(c) If the data in Statement I alone or in Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question
(d) If the data in both the Statements I and II are not sufficient to answer the question
(e) If the data in both the Statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question

32. How many children are there in the group if no two children have same weight?
Statements:
I. Sahil is fifth from the top in order of weight if all the children in the group were arranged in descending
order.
II. Ramesh, who in heavier than 14 children in the group is immediately next to Sahil in weight.

33. What is the code for ‘healthy’ in the code language?
Statements:
I. In the code language eat healthy food’ is written as ‘ka ma re’.
II. In code language ‘food for healthy people’ is written as ‘ta ma jo re’.

34. How many brothers does ‘H’ have?
Statements:
I. ‘H’ is sister of ‘K’ who is son of ‘T’.
II. T is mother of ‘K’ who is brother of ‘H’.

35. Who among J, T, W, R and Q reached the office first?
Statements:
I. J reached before Q, R and T but after W.
II. Q reached before R but after W.

36. Village ‘F’ is in which direction with respect to village ‘K’?
Statements:
I. Village ‘J’ is to the East of village ‘F’ and to the North of village ‘K’.
II. Village ‘R’, which is to the South of village ‘F’ is to the West of village ‘K’.

37. The increase in the number of newspaper articles exposed as fabrications serves to bolster the contention that
publishers are more interested in boosting circulation than in printing the truth. Even minor publications have staff to check such obvious fraud.?
Which of the following may be the assumption of the given argument?
(a) Newspaper stories exposed as fabrication are a recent phenomenon
(b) Everything a newspaper print must be factually verifiable
(c) Fact checking is more comprehensive for minor publications that for major ones
(d) The publishers of newspapers are the people who decide what to print in their newspapers
(e) None of the above

38. The rate of violent crime in this state is up to 30% from last year. The fault lies entirely in our system of justice. Recently our judges’ sentences have been so lenient that criminals can now do almost anything without fear of a long prison term.
The argument above would be weakened if it were true that
(a) 85% of the other States in the nation have lower crime rates than does this state
(b) white-collar crime in this state has also increased by over 25% in the last year
(c) 35% of the police in this state have been laid off in the last year due to budget cuts
(d) polls show that 65% of the population in this state opposes capital punishment
(e) None of the above

39. All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists. From which of the following can the statement above be most
properly inferred?
(a) Except for Marx, if someone is an idealist, then he or she is a philosopher, as long as he German
(b) Marx is the only non-German philosopher who is an idealist
(c) If a German is an idealist, then he or she is a philosopher, as long as he or she is not Marx
(d) Aside from the philosopher Marx, If someone is a German, then he or she is an idealist
(e) None of the above

40. During the SARS days, about 23, 500 doctors who had treated SARS sufferers died and about 23, 670 doctors who had not engaged in treatment for SARS sufferers died. On the basis of those Figures, it can be concluded that it was not much more dangerous to participate in SARS treatment during the SARS day than it was not to participate in SARS treatment.
Which of the following would reveal most clearly the absurdity of the conclusion drawn above?
(a) Counting deaths among doctors who had participated in SARS treatment in addition to deaths among doctors who had not participated is SARS treatment
(b) Expressing the difference between the numbers of deaths among doctors who had treated SARS sufferers and doctors who had not treated SARS suffers as a percentage of the total number of deaths
(c) Separating deaths caused by accidents during the treatment to SARS suffers from deaths caused by infect of SARS suffers
(d) Comparing death rates per thousand members of each group rather than comparing total numbers of deaths
(e) None of the above

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 41-44) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the Question given below it.

Six friends Abhishek, Deepak, Mridul, Pritam, Ranjan and Salil married within a year in the months of February, April, July, September, November and December and in the cities of Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata, but not necessarily following the above order. The brides’ names were Geetika, Jasmine, Hema, Brinda, Ipsita and Veena, once again not following any order. The following are some facts about their weddings.

(i) Mridul’s wedding took place in Chennai, however he was not married to Geetika or Veena
(ii) Abhishek’s wedding took place in Ahmedabad and Ranjan’s in Delhi; however neither of them was married to Jasmine or Brinda
(iii) The wedding in Kolkata took place in February
(iv) Hema’s wedding took place in April, but not in Ahmedabad
(v) Geetika and Ipsita got married in February and November and in Chennai and Kolkata but not following the above
order
(vi) Pritam visited Bengaluru and Kolkata only after his marriage in December
(vi) Salil was married to Jasmine to September

41. Hema’s husband is
(a) Abhishek (b) Deepak
(c) Ranjan (d) Pritam
(e) Mridul
42. Deepak’s wedding took place in
(a) Bengaluru (b) Mumbai
(c) Kolkata (d) Delhi
(e) Chennai

43. In Mumbai, the wedding of one of the friends took place in the month of
(a) April (b) September
(c) November (d) December
(e) July

44. Salil’s wedding was held in
(a) Bengaluru (b) Chennai
(c) Kolkata (d) Delhi
(e) Mumbai

DIRECTIONS (Q. 45-50) : Given an input line the machine arranges the words and numbers in steps in a systematic manner as illustrated below:

Input line 59 dress fine shine 32 66 72 offer
Step I 72 56 dress fine shine 32 66 offer
Step II 72 shine 56 dress fine 32 66 offer
Step III 72 shine 66 56 dress fine 32 offer
Step IV 72 shine 66 offer 56 dress fine 32
Step V 72 shine 66 offer 56 fine dress 32
Step VI 72 shine 66 offer 56 fine 32 dress
STEP VI is the last step and the output in Step VI is the final output.

As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

45. Step IV of an input is ’62 sound 56 sleep roam present 33 49′. What will be the input definitely?
(a) Sound 62 sleep 56 roam present 33 49
(b) Sleep sound 62 56 roam present 33 49
(c) 62 Sound sleep 56 roam present 33 49
(d) Cannot be determined
(e) None of the above

46. Which of the following will be the third step for input ‘jockey firm 36 43 growth chart 22 45 ?
(a) 45 jockey 43 growth firm 36 chart 22
(b) 45 jockey 43 firm growth 36 chart 22
(c) 45 jockey 43 growth 36 firm chart 22
(d) 45 jockey 43 firm 36 growth chart 22
(e) None of the above

47. Step II of an input is ’53’ window 42 50 door lock key 36′. How many more steps will be required to complete the
arrangement?
(a) Three (b) Four
(c) Five (d) Six
(e) None of these

48. What will be the fifth step of an input whose first step is ’85 journey train 36 54 daily 28 mansion’?
(a) 85 train 54 mansion 28 journey daily 36
(b) 85 train 54 mansion journey 36 daily 28
(c) 85 train 54 mansion 36 journey daily 28
(d) There is no such step
(e) None of the above

49. Which step will be the last step for an input whose second step is ’63’ Sour 18 56 grapes healthy 32 rise’?
(a) IV
(b) V
(c) VIII
(d) VII
(e) None of these

50. Which word/number will be sixth from right in step fifth whose second step is ’63 Sour 18 56 grapes healthy 32 rise’?
(a) Rise
(b) 56
(c) Sour
(d) 32
(e) 18

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